Falls of Iguazu

The falls of Iguazu are located on the Iguazu River, which forms the border in between the Brazilian state of Parana, and the Argentine state of Misiones. While not the world's tallest waterfall, it is often considered the world's most impressive, with drops ranging in height from 60 to 82 meters.

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Iguazu RainbowBoth Argentina and Brazil offer national parks on either side, perfect spots for viewing the breathtaking spectacle. The indigenous legend suggests that a god was planning on marrying a woman. When she fled with another man in a canoe, he unleashed his rage on them, creating the river and the falls. The town of Iguazu itself contains about 330,000 people.

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Activities and Attractions
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All the hotels on the Brazilian side will offer day trips into Argentina for R$75. Both sides offer great sports opportunities, such as cycling, kayaking, rafting, rappelling, and guided nature walks. Take extra precuation if you are going to nearby Paraguay, as robberies have been reported on the bridge.
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You should definitely try to pencil in a boat trip, if you can swing it in your budget. Macuco Safari de Barco offers a particularly enjoyable tour. You'll start out with a 3km nature ride through the jungle, followed by a hike to the small Salto de Macuco waterfall. Finally you will board a boat for an unforgettable journey below the falls. Be prepared to get wet!

Parque Nacional do Iguacu offers 550 square kilometers of pristine rain forest, but you must be accompanied by a guide. In the morning, when the weather is cooler, you are likely to have better luck spotting wildlife. The variety of wildlife that you might encounter is enormous: armadillos, coatis, caimans, tapirs, jaguars, raccoons, deer, sloths, and monkeys all make their home here. As far as birdlife, you can encounter woodpeckers, hummingbirds, toucans, parrots, and parakeets.

=> Make sure to bring bug spray, as the insect presence can be a bit overwhelming.

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Accommodation
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Some hotels may be open to price negotiation during the low season. It doesn't hurt to ask.

Albergue Paudimar Falls
Great spot for meeting other travelers, with clean rooms, and nice amenities. Dorms start at R$25.
Rua Antonio Raposo 820
Tel: 3028 5503
www.paudimarfalls.com.br

Pousada Sonho Meu
A great mid-range option, rooms are inviting, walls are cheerful, and staff is helpful.  A single goes for R$68.
Rua Men de Sa 267
Tel: 3573 5764
www.pousadasonhomeufoz.com

Hotel das Cataratas
The finest hotel in Iguazu, is actually located within the national park. Depending on the room, expect to pay between R$500 and 600.
Parque Nacional do Iguazu
Tel: 2102 7000
www.hoteldascataratas.com

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Where to Eat
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Sabor Brasil
Great spot to grab sandwiches stuffed with delicious meats and cheeses. The ice cream is also excellent.
Av Brasil 638, Tel: 3028 7778

Famiglia Maran
Sandwiches and pasta are the highlights here. Also, enjoy the fabulous soup buffet, open from 6pm to early morning hours.
Rua Almirante Barroso 1968, Tel: 3027 1212

Trapiche
Seafood stews, lobsters, shrimp, and oysters are always on the menu here. Expect to pay between R$30 and 60 for a main course.
Rua Marechal Deodoro de Fonseca 1087, Tel: 3527 3951

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Getting There
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Overhead View of Iguazu

There are daily flights into the international airport from nearby major cities Buenos Aires, Asuncion, Rio, and Sao Paulo.

The bus terminal is located 5km from town, and offers trips to Sao Paulo for R$165 and Rio de Janeiro for R$199.

While US citizens and most other nationalities do not need a visa to cross the land border into Argentina and Uruguay, Paraguay has different policies. You will need to apply for a tourist visa in advance if you want to visit there.

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Iguazu Falls: Argentina or Brazil?
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By Paul Fowler, blogger for Off2Colombia

At the border of Brazil and Argentina is one of nature’s most remarkable spectacles. Water cascades brutally and relentlessly over the edge of the waterfalls, as birds circle the rivers below looking for prey. You, clutching your dog-eared guidebook and a daypack, look up from the small wooden path, both humbled and wet.This is Iguazu.

Iguazu Falls (or Iguaçu) are some of the world’s biggest waterfalls. To visit them is an experience like few others, and anyone travelling to Brazil or Argentina should endeavour to see them.

Both sides are equally remarkable, though there are notable differences between them. The Argentinian Iguazu is a much more visceral experience. You see the waterfalls close up, to the point that you can almost see yourself getting swallowed up by ‘The Devil’s Throat’ (the most impressive of all the views in Argentina.

By contrast, the Brazilian side gives you the opportunity to put some perspective on what you see in Argentina. You see the sheer magnitude of the waterfalls from a picture-postcard-esque standpoint. For this reason it’s usually better to visit the Argentinian side first, as well as the fact that transferring from Argentina to Brazil is facilitated more easily.

The Iguazu Falls are a highlight of any trip to South America - the kind of place that makes your photos of your trip that bit more impressive to those back home - and fall nicely on the backpacking trail since they serve as a border point between Brazil and Argentina. Simply unmissable.

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