Brazilian Art and Artists

The Brazilian art tradition first came to prominence in the wake of grand artistic works by Brazilians such as Portinari, Djanira Motta e Silva, Di Cavalcanti, Lygia Clark and Roberto Burle Marx, amongst others. .......................................................................................................................................... Abaporu, Tarsila do Amaral
The term Brazilian
art refers to the prehistoric work found in archaeological remains as well as the art produced by Brazils indigenous cultures and then also the art from Brazil’s colonial period and beyond in the revitalization of a national artistic identity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Evidently the term, Brazilian art, is broad and includes art with a strong European influence, indigenous influences and the rise of post-colonial original Brazilian artistic styles. ..........................................................................................................................................
The earliest rock paintings found in Brazil are located in the Capivara Sierra in Piauí, dating from about 13,000 BC. In a town called Pedra Pintada in Paraiba, eleven thousand years old paintings were found, and in Minas Gerais there are records of cave-art located in several caves in the Peruaçu Valley distinguishable because of their rare drawings of geometric patterns carried out between 2,000 and 10,000 years ago. ..........................................................................................................................................

The paintings of animals discovered in limestone caves in the valley of Rio das Velhas (river), in the town of Lagoa Santa, in the state of Minas Gerais are equally noteworthy. The use of materials such as bone, horn, stone and clay for making utilitarian objects (containers, needles, spatulas, projectile points), adornments (pendants and necklace beads) and ceremonial objects predominate. These historic objects are evidence of the aesthetic and cosmetic traits of the early indigenous cultures—expressed particularly in the unusual variation of geometric shapes and surface treatment of these objects. .......................................................................................................................................... The Assumption of the Virgin Mary into Heaven, Igreja de São Francisco de Assis in Ouro Preto
Traces of Amazonian
cultures dating back to between 5000 and 1100 BC show a high degree of sophistication in the production and decoration of ceramic crafts, such as those from Marajó island and from the Tapajós basin. Here remains of vases decorated in an ornamental fashion with carefully designed fixtures have been found—proof that the indigenous feather art and body painting were complex art-forms with intricate use of colour and design, feathers and plant pigments were widely used as raw materials in these regions. Chest, lip and ear adornments, which are still present in Brazilian indigenous culture today, also date back to early indigenous artistic traditions. ..........................................................................................................................................

The arrival of the first European settlers ushered into Brazil a style of art strongly associated with the Baroque movement in Europe, and Catholicism. Neoclassicism in Brazil, seen in architecture, art and literature, owes its flowering to the European influence. Brazilian literature dating from the last days of the colonial era was also heavily influenced by Romanticism, as the country tried to seek a new national identity. The tradition of Realism began with the publication of "The Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas," by Machado de Assis, one of the world's greatest literary authors. The Modernist movement began in Brazil with the Week of Modern Art in 1922. ..........................................................................................................................................

Modernist literature developed alongside the visual arts as European cultural-trands, such as Cubism and Futurism, were introduced into Brazilian artistic and literary circles. Lastly, contemporary art, which emerged in the second half of the twentieth century and continues today, is expressed and found everywhere you look, from the street art in your local parks to the latest developments in Brazilian cinema and the most recent expositions in the major Brazilian museums. ..........................................................................................................................................

Brazilian art, is an expression of the Brazilian people and is thus a result of the mixture of different races, concepts, views, perceptions and ways of feeling that can be found in the vast country of Brazil. It is a unique and complex art that can be bewitching, baffling—providing some small insight into Brazilian society.  ..........................................................................................................................................

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