Brazilian Architecture

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=> Check our photos of Brazilian architecture
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Architecture enthusiasts will not be disappointed in Brazil
. From Salvador, Brazil's colonial capital for two hundred years, to the Baroque stylings of Olinda, in Northeastern Brazil, to the 19th century neoclassical and French influences evidenced in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and the grandiose and modernist architectural stylings of the planned city of Brasilia, the new capital.

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Teatro Amazonas
Additionally, Oscar Niemeyer, a Rio de Janeiro resident, has indelibly left his trailblazing style of modernism, not only in Brazil, but in the world as a whole.

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Recommended Cities for Appreciating Brazilian Architecture
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Salvador, Brazil's colonial capital from 1549 to 1763, probably presents the best example for enjoying colonial architecture. With its fine selection of baroque and renaissance buildings, Salvador has served as a model for the world in historical preservation, preserving over 600 buildings since 1992. A special feature of Salvador is the multi-colored dwellings with their fine stucco.

Olinda, largely built during the 18th century, features baroque churches and chapels, and characteristic red-tiled roofs. The historic neighborhood of Sao Luis is a particularly excellent spot for strolling and observing architectural wonders, such as old mansions with beautiful tiled facades. For further baroque architecture head to Minas Gerais, where the wealth of the 18th century gold rush fueled the baroque treasures of Ouro Preto, many designed by Brazil's recognized Baroque genius Aleijadinho.

For Neoclassical styles look no further than Rio's Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Belem's Teatro da Paz, and Manuas' Teatro Amazonas. In the 1930s, art deco arrived to Brazil, evidenced in Rio's railway station and high-rise apartment complexes, and the marvels along Belem's Avenida Presidente Vargas. In the second half of the twentieth century, Brazil really came into its own architecturally, with architects like Lina Bo Bardi and he futuristic designs for the Casa de Vidro and Sao Paulo's Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo.

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Oscar Niemeyer and Brasilia
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National CongressConsidered Brazil's greatest architect, and a pioneer of modernism, Niemeyer has left an enduring legacy in Brazil. He first came to acclaim after World War 2 for his design for the UN headquarters in New York, and he was subsequently asked by Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek to head designs for Brazil's new planned capital Brasilia.

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Working with urban planner Lucio Costa and landscape architect Burle Marx, they designed one of the most audacious plans in human history, with an airplane shaped layout and the breathtaking Palacio da Alvarado and the National Congress. Niemeyer was forced into exile in Paris during the military dictatorship, but returned in 1984 and continued work in his beloved Rio, designing such buildings as the Museu do Arte Contemporanea and the Caminho de Niemeyer.

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