Brazilian Painting

The history of modern styles of painting in Brazil originated from the visual records of the land, nature and native peoples made by European travellers and explorers, around 50 years after the ‘Discovery of Brazil’ by the Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvarés Cabral in 1500.  ..........................................................................................................................................

Painting BrazilianOf course, before the Portuguese battled their way through the native way of life, the indigenous had been practising body painting, paintings on the walls and in caves and even on objects, for centuries. But this art is today classified as separate to the evolution of modern Brazilian painting originally derived from European painting traditions. The non-indigenous path to Brazilian styles of painting was initiated by the Portuguese missionaries and conquerors. At the time the Baroque style was wildly popular in Europe, highly influenced by Catholicism, and was represented mainly by decorative paintings in churches. ..........................................................................................................................................

When the modernist movement of Brazil began in the 1920s, it was the first time inspiration for the creation of art was found directly through Brazilan culture, and not from the traditions of the European continent.After the development of the Baroque style in Brazil, despite the European influence on it, the art produced here was based on the context of the Brazilian reality, such as poverty and scarcity. At that time, more regional schools of painting opened up. As of the eighteenth century there was a gradual change in the colonial spirit due to the impact of the Enlightenment and classicist ideas brought from Europe, which reflected the declining influence of the church on European society. ..........................................................................................................................................

As the Portuguese court moved to Rio de Janeiro, a new cultural cycle took place. In 1826, the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts began its activities, and its first exhibition of public works was held in 1829 and featured more than 150 works using different techniques from several students and teachers. At the time of the Second Empire there were favourable conditions for the development of the arts. During that period a romantic phase developed with an imaginary comprising heroic, dramatic and boastful characteristics aligned with an unprecedented nationalist project of the cultural history of Brazil, resulting in the production of a series of masterpieces.  ..........................................................................................................................................

In the first decades of the twentieth century and after a continuous development, there was an exchange with foreign artists bringing progressive ideas from Europe leading to significant advances in architecture and graphic arts. The Week of Modern Art marked the launch of Brazilian Modernism, in 1922, and the rise of memorable artists who brought the Brazilian style in their artistic expressions as they were seeking their own identity. The era of Brazilian modernism from the '30s to the '40s was a multicoloured prism. The highlight of which we find in artists like Di Cavalcanti, Tarsila do Amaral and Anita Malfatti.  .......................................................................................................................................... Brazilian Painting

On the other hand, other artists metabolized more positively the flood of new concepts and the opening of new fields of research, and used those new ideas to create their plastically attractive personal language with a plurality of interpretations and possible associations, often making use of words as plastic elements that open new dimensions of narrative, meaning and visuality to the artwork. Other artists carried on working with typical Post-Modern issues, thereby questioning, discussing and updating aspects of authorship, originality and anachronism. ..........................................................................................................................................

The latest contemporary Brazilian painting remains very present, being fully updated with all significant currents in vogue. The diversity and search for resignification of terms are central aspects of the artistic production, strongly based on the practices and visual elements of the historical vanguards and on the Conceptualism, like the transgression of traditional techniques and the association with alternative medias, reflecting the globalized and multi-referential society that Brazil is now part.  ..........................................................................................................................................

Brazilian painting throughout its course of discoveries and changes remains firm and strong, producing many great artists who contribute to the production of memorable masterpieces. ..........................................................................................................................................

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