Brazilian Sculpture

Like many Western countries, the art of sculpture in Brazil followed a defined path first laid down by trends in Europe. As Portuguese settlers established communities, towns and cities across the length and breadth of the country they imported European traditions and culture—in art as well as in all other aspects of life. Alongside the development of Euro-Brazilian culture grew Euro-Brazilian art and with it the practice of Euro-Brazilian sculpture.
...........................................................................................................................................

Religion was the primary inspiration for this form of Brazilian sculpture. Iconography and Catholicism have been linked inextricably since the church began reeling in the money during the middle ages. Baroque style, naturally suited to the extravagance of the Catholic Church, became the favoured trend in Brazilian sculpture during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. At this time Brazil had started to find its legs as an independent economic nation and money had started to become available for the development of the arts.

...........................................................................................................................................
Decorative carvings were the most common application of this art-form, churches and cathedrals in particular benefiting from the new national wealth and emergence of local artistic talent. Gilded altars, ornate columns and intricate arches could be seen adorning the worshipping halls constructed during this period. However, public fountains, facades, murals and buildings did manage to receive a smaller portion of the artistic funding, remnants of which can still be seen in certain spots throughout Brazil today.
...........................................................................................................................................

As the Brazilian economy gained strength more money was pumped into the arts and especially into schools of art for burgeoning talent. Technical skills were taught to young artists but much of the work then produced was swallowed up into a culture of corporate production, collective work and artistic anonymity. But as social, administrative and cultural changes began to take place in Brazil around the middle of the nineteenth century trends in the art world shifted once more. Key moments, such as the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil and the action of the French Artistic Mission, promoted the neoclassical current predominant in Europe at the time and introduced academic methodology to the schools of art in Brazil. It was at this time that the French Artistic Mission set up the Royal School of Sciences, Arts and Crafts.
...........................................................................................................................................

At the turn of the twentieth century, under the influence of new ideas, new technologies and new habits of life, national sculpture in Brazil was reinvigorated. Then Modernism arrived, bringing new possibilities in terms of form, technique, materials, themes and expression. Modernism approached art by questioning it, in an irreverent and anarchic attitude, focusing on individual creativity, depreciating tradition and established models.
...........................................................................................................................................

There are a great number of sculptors in contemporary Brazil. Some have excelled in one or another particular form of expression, even though many of them have tried several trends in their careers. As for the practise of sculpture among indigenous Brazilian communities, the Northeast in particular is full of find various types of sculptures and popular statuary. From small groups in terracotta representing the urban trades, the "bonecões" used in carnival in the Northeast, figures of animals, to large religious images in wood or cement. Indigenous sculpture in Brazil stands out for its originality, strength and the beauty of its creations. Something entirely apart from the trends prevalent in Euro-Brazilian heritage.
...........................................................................................................................................

Tell us what you think!

Tell us what you think!

0
    Login With Facebook   or:  
  • No comments found

Additional information

You are now being logged in using your Facebook credentials