Brazilian Museums

The cultural melting pot of Brazil naturally gives rise to an enormous number of museums on everything from the Portuguese language to the historically accurate recreation of a rubber plantation. If you are staying in Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo, and especially São Paulo, museums are a natural part of experiencing the essence of those cities. But further curiosity outside of big city life will also show a depth and knowledge of history, art, and culture there for the taking.

The TAM Museum, also known as the Museu Asas de um Sonho (Wings of a Dream Museum), is an aviation museum in the city of São Carlos, within the state of State of São Paulo, Brazil.The museum was the creation of Rolim Adolfo Amaro, founder and president of TAM Airlines, and his brother João Francisco Amaro. The building is annexed to the TAM Airlines Technology Center at São Carlos Airport, in the district of Água Vermelha in São Carlos.

The National Museum of Brazil 
Established in 1818 as the Royal Museum, this fascinating establishment was first set up by the Portuguese king, Dom João VI. Its aim was to promote scientific research in the country as it was then mostly unexplored and untainted by human habitation, leaving much to be discovered.

The National Historical Museum of Brazil 
This museum was established in 1922 and is home to the largest numismatic collection of Latin America.

Museu Imperial de Petrópolis 
Located in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, this museum just oozes historical appeal. It was once the summer palace of the emperor, Dom Pedro II, and was built in the mid-19th century.
The Historical and Geographic Museum of Campina Grande 
This establishment is focused on its host city, Campina Grande in Paraíba. It tells the tale of its complex history by means of hundreds of artefacts and photographs.

Museu Entomológico Fritz Plaumann 
As the largest entomological museum in Latin America, this museum is home to more than 80 000 samples of over 17 000 different species of insects. Fritz Plaumann, the namesake of the museum, was a well respected entomologist

The Butantan Institute
This is one of São Paulo’s most popular tourist attractions and consists of a snake pit, biological museum, microbiological museum and historical museum.

The Museum of the Portuguese Language 
As the major colonialists of centuries past, the Portuguese nation make up an integral part of Brazilian culture and heritage. This museum, situated in the city of São Paulo, is an interactive experience for visitors wanting to know more about the language of these Europeans.

The São Paulo Museum of Art 
The São Paulo Museum of Art is an important landmark and is acclaimed for its collection of fine art.

Museu Nacional de Belas Artes
This is a significant art museum and is situated in Rio de Janeiro. As such, it attracts many tourists and locals alike.

The Afro-Brazilian Museum - Museu Afro Brasileiro (MAFRO), in Salvador, offers visitors a sweeping view of Brazil's African roots.

The Coffee Museum - Museu dos Cafés do Brasil - in Santos, SP, is one of a kind.

Ema Gordon Klabin Cultural Foundation - The home of businesswoman and art collector Ema Gordon Klabin (1907-1994)

Immigrant Memorial - São Paulo, SP - The Immigrants' Inn pays homage to the people from many nations who have helped shape São Paulo and Brazil.

Inhotim - Belo Horizonte, MG - Inhotim, a contemporary art museum in Brumadinho, near Belo Horizonte, is one of Brazil's top cultural attractions.

International Museum of Naive Art of Brazil - Rio de Janeiro, RJ - The largest collection of naive art in the world, with over 6,000 works by national and international artists.

Museu Casa da Hera - Vassouras, RJ - A lavish 19th-century private home turned into a museum.

Museu da Chácara do Céu - Rio de Janeiro, RJ - One of two Rio de Janeiro museums showcasing artworks collected by Raymundo Ottoni de Castro Maya (1894-1968), a Brazilian industrialist and arts patron.

Museu do Seringal Vila Paraíso - Manaus, AM - One of the top cultural attractions in Manaus, the museum recreates a rubber estate from Brazil's Rubber Boom.

Museu Paulista - São Paulo, SP - Museu Paulista (also known as Museu do Ipiranga), in Sao Paulo, celebrates Brazil's Proclamation of Independence on September 7, 1822.

Palácio Boa Vista - Campos do Jordão, SP - The winter residence of São Paulo governors. Open to visitors, it houses important artwork by Brazil masters.

Primavera dos Museus - Spring at Brazil Museums - Primavera dos Museus is a nationwide event in which several Brazil museums feature special activities to celebrate the arrival of spring.

Worthy Mentions:
• Rio Grande do Sul Museum of Art 
• Júlio de Castilhos Museum 
• Museu de Arte de Santa Catarina 
• Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio de Janeiro 
• Museu de Arte da Pampulha 
• Museu Casa de Portinari 
• Museu de Arte Sacra 
• Museu de Arte Contemporânea do Paraná 
• Museu Internacional de Arte Naif do Brasil 
• Forte das Cinco Pontas/Recife City Museum 
• Pinacoteca in São Paulo 
• Museu Mariano Procópio 
• Museu Victor Meirelles 
• Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói 
• Mariano Procópio Museum

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