Diving in Brazil

If you are a scuba diving or snorkeling enthusiast, it doesn't get much better than Brazil. Blessed with 5,000 miles of gorgeous coastline, incredible marine life, and some amazing wrecks, you are sure to find all of the mergulho (diving) opportunities your heart desires. The diving season in Brazil lasts year round, and while you may have difficulty finding English-speaking guides and dive instructors, with a little research and knowledge you are sure to find the perfect dive for your price range.
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Aquatic Biodiversity

As always, safety and reputation should come first. The dive companies listed here come highly recommended, but always verify that your dive instructor is sufficiently experienced, and that the company you choose to dive with has a sterling safety reputation and first-aid knowledge. It is also very important to inspect all equipment first and make sure you understand how it works.
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=> Equipment that seems old or worn is a bad indicator for any company offering diving and snorkeling. Finally you should be well-versed in both underwater hand-signals, and what to do in the event of an emergency.

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Fernando do Noronha
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The general consensus is that this is the crown jewel of diving in Brazil. An archipelago located in Northeastern Brazil, Fernando de Noronha is largely composed of a protected and tightly regulated marine national park area. It can only be reached by plane, and it is an expensive option, both for food and accommodations and diving, but the experience is unparalleled. If you are a beginner you'll want to head there between July and December, though intermediate and advanced divers can certainly dive year round.

Average visibility is over thirty meters, and the abundance of marine life is breathtaking: gigantic jewfish, tuna, albacore, barracudas, groupers, and snappers abound. In fact, there are 230 species of fish, 15 coral species, and 5 shark species, all of which are fortunately harmless to humans. The best diving spots include Ilha Rata, Enseada da Rasureta, Ponta da Sapata, and Corveta Ipiranga, a shipwreck over 60m in length. The two best dive operators in Fernando do Noronha are Aguas Claras and Atlantis Divers. Certified divers should expect to pay around R$300 for a two-tank dive, while baptism (first-time) dives cost slightly less.  An Open Water course will run you around R$1700.

Aguas Claras
Tel: 3619 1225
www.aguasclaras-fn.com.br

Atlantis Divers
Tel: 3619 1371
www.atlantisdivers.com.br

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Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul
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If you are looking for something truly different and off the beaten path, head to Western Brazil's Mato Grosso do Sul province for some unbelievable freshwater diving and snorkeling. You'll find subaquatic gardens, underwater caves, natural springs, and some of the most incredible fish species in the world. A great idea is to head 50km south of Bonito for the Rio da Prata tour, which includes both a trek through the rain forest, and a 3km snorkel down the Rio Olha d'Agua, where you'll find crystal clear water and 55 fish species.

However, if you really want to step outside of your normal diving experience, head to Abismo de Anhumas, located 20km west of Bonito, where you'll encounter an otherworldly underwater lake with stalactite formations. Book well in ahead, as only 18 visitors a day can access the area.

Abismo de Anhumas
Be advised that in order to do the rappelling portion of the trip, you must first complete a training course by 6pm before your visit.
www.abismoanhumas.com.br

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Buzios
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Diving in Brazil

Buzios, recently voted Brazil's top fun-in-the-sun destination, is located about two hour's east of Rio de Janeiro, and offers some of the country's best diving. The nearby islands of Ancora, Gravatas, Filhote, and Feia, offer some incredible wildlife observation.
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=> Buzios is also an attractive option in that diving and snorkeling opportunities are more economical than in some other parts of Brazil. Night-time diving is also an interesting option here. Two-tank dives can be had for as little as R$100.
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Casamar
Rua das Pedras 242
Tel: 9817 6234
www.casamar.com.br

Buziosnauta's
Orla Bardot 712
Tel: 2623 9005
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